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- Ba Phnom -

Ba Phnom was one of the first religious and cultural sites in Cambodia and may be considered a birthplace of the Cambodian nation. It was founded in the 5th century and was used as a place of pilgrimage for various kings until the 19th century. Human sacrifices were also reported to take place here until the 19th century.
Despite its history there is little that remains at Ba Phnom. What remains is a modern wat, some small pagodas, and the rebuilt ruins of Preah Vihear Chann, which was an 11th century temple. Most of the temple was destroyed, so the rebuilt temple is mostly concrete with a corrugated roof.

Ba Phnom literally means "ancestor of the hill". There is actually a mound of 139 meters.

Ba Phnom is the place where it assumes that there was a king capital Nokor Phnom. But whether or not really capital existed is here, as for those which become evidence there is no at all.
It has several tops, there being a low hill, there is a Buddhism temple in the top vicinity. The road which from the hill extends to the straight line on north probably at one time kingcraft.

There are four mountains in Ba Phnom: Phnom Sampeou, Phnom Laang, Phnom Thom and Phnom Banhchor.
Ba Phnom was once the ancient city Nokor Phnom, which was located near these mountains in Ba Phnom district. Few remnants of the city remain. Among those that can be seen are pieces of the ancient temple Prasat Chan, which was located in front of Wat Vihear Kuk, near the foot of Phnom Sampeou in Cheung Phnom commune. At one time, the city also had a palace and a hall, but both have been destroyed by years of war.

The view from the top of Ba Phnom is very picturesque. There is a big, rocky cave near the mountaintop that shelters wildlife.  At the mountain's Valley, there is a pagoda named ?Ba Phnom? surrounded mountain rank and a big pond at the East of the pagoda. Around the mountain, there are residences of the local people.
Ba Phnom has been eyed for tourism development east of the Mekong River, because the area attracts many people on weekends and during Cambodian festivals.

Ba Phnom is located in Chheur Kach commune, Ba Phnom district, about 78 kilometers east of Phnom Penh and 45 kilometers south of Prey Veng provincial town.
Visitors traveling from Phnom Penh along National Road 1 should turn left at Kampong Sneung market and go about 7 kilometers.